Where We Work
Population of Pader District:

240,000


Number of hospitals in Pader District:

0

Population of Pader Town Council:

14,100

Conflict
In 2012 the district of Pader was ranked 94th for Health Service Delivery out of the 112 districts in Uganda
Uganda Bureau of Statistics
Pader has a high population of Acholi people, many of whom experienced firsthand the Lord’s Resistance Army’s (LRA) violent activity in the past decades. The LRA left Uganda in 2008, and various organizations, both governmental and nongovernmental, were established in its wake to help the war-torn region. Despite the movement of the war out of the region and the aid of these organizations, the people of Pader are still struggling to improve its infrastructure, education system, healthcare, and standard of living. This is due both to the difficulty of recovering after a major conflict, and with the questionable effectiveness of aid organizations in this area.
Healthcare System
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There is no hospital in the district of Pader. The sick go to small government health centers which are understaffed, underfunded, and lack many necessary supplies. Private clinic costs are also prohibitive for the largely rural population. Pader lacks passable roads, reliable electricity, clean water distribution, and emergency service of any kind. HIV and malaria rates are currently higher in northern Uganda than they were in the late 1990s, a trend that calls attention to the need for healthcare improvements.
The Cycle of Poverty
Poverty and access to healthcare are significantly interrelated. When communities cannot attain access to medical treatment due to poor transportation, lack of services, high fees, or lack of health education, families and entire communities are likely to fall into a vicious cycle of poverty.

Brief History of Uganda
1962: Uganda gained independence from their British colonizers. Although now an independent country, Uganda remained divided into several parties that represented geographic areas and their ethnic groups. These groups had tense relationships with each other, and set the stage for many years of regional conflict.
1971: Idi Amin became the Ugandan president in a coup and established a violent military government. During his reign, tensions between the north and south were high. Amin persecuted many ethnic groups, including the Acholi, and the death toll of his reign was about 500,000. He was in near constant conflict with his predecessor and rival, Milton Obote.
1987: The NRA defeated the HSM. Joseph Kony, a former UPDA soldier who claimed to be Alice Lakwena’s cousin, formed the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) as the newest northern rebel group. At its start, the LRA was a political group against Museveni’s rule. As time went on, the LRA lost northern support and Kony began the practice of abducting child soldiers to fill its ranks. He kidnapped and manipulated over 30,000 children, using fear to force them to kill or act as sex slaves. 
1986: Yoweri Museveni became the Ugandan president through the power of his National Resistance Army (NRA), thus violating a treaty with northern general Tito Okello. The NRA blamed Northern Uganda for the violence of earlier dictators, so northerners feared oppression under Museveni’s rule. Several northern rebel groups formed against the NRA, including the Uganda Peoples Democratic Army (UPDA) and the Holy Spirit Movement (HSM) under Alice Lakwena.
1996: The Ugandan government began requiring northerners, including many Acholi, to leave their homes for internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. This was an attempt to keep them safe from the LRA, but forced over a million people to live in horrible conditions.
2006-present: The LRA moved out of Uganda and began operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, and Sudan. They are still abducting children and killing civilians there today. By the early 2000s, the LRA was no longer fighting for a political cause. They now exist solely for the interests of its commanders (like Kony), and their violence enhances the power of these individuals. Although the LRA indicated interest in peace talks, they did not follow through and Kony failed to attend the Juba Peace Talks, a 2008 gathering that had great potential for ending this conflict.

Since the LRA moved out of Uganda, many northerners have returned home from IDP camps. However, political divisions are still strongly felt and many struggle to regain their livelihoods or economic comfort. Government programs were established to help with the aftermath of the conflict, but these programs were underfunded and many northern Ugandans are still in need of basic healthcare and education.